Rats have been kept as pets at least since the late 19th century. Often misunderstood and undeservedly underrated as pets, rats are incredibly intelligent little rodents. They make great pets for children. Pet rats behave differently from their wild counterparts depending on how many generations they have been kept as pets. In terms of intelligence, rats are light years ahead of more popular rodents such as hamsters and gerbils, which can be notably difficult to train and sometimes prone to biting. They can be taught tricks and learn their name quickly. They are very affectionate. They love to cuddle with you, hang out with you, or play with you. If you're thinking of getting rats, it is a good idea to get two as rats are very sociable creatures and a single rat would require lots more attention from you to keep him entertained.
Generally when two or more rats from the same litter are of the same sex they live together with no disruptions but with the occasional friendly tussle and play fight. Although it is possible that rats from different litters can be integrated together, the integration process can be easy or hard. Several measures have to be taken to provide security for both rats. Rats have such sweet personalities and are entirely devoted to each other, as well as being loving and fun companions to their owners.
Feeding rats can be such an enjoyable part of their day. It's also one of the most important. Your choices can help them live longer and happier lives. If a food is good for you, plan on sharing. Make sure to offer fresh water daily along with your choice of tasty eats. Rats are not picky when it comes to food. They all consume grains, and some have a taste for meat and fish. Most rats however are not very eager to eat meat but need protein. This is usually given in rat blocks. The rats love fruits and vegetables, fresh or frozen is best. They love sweets but this should be limited. Remember- good for you; it's probably good for them. There are some vegtables that must be cooked first, like sweet potatoes and some fruits to avoid like papaya in males.
Your rats will spend most of their lives in the housing you create for them. If you get this right, you'll be richly rewarded with confident, active, friendly pets. A good rule of thumb to give your rats adequate space is to allow 2 cubic feet per rat, including a floor area of 2 square feet. But there is no problem giving them more space if you wish. Bucks (males) like more floor space, whilst young rats and adult females love to climb, so the taller their cage the better. Giving new rats a smaller cage temporarily may help them bond with you as they have fewer places to hide away. They love to hang out in a hammock, snuggling with each other.
Rats need to explore. Within the cage, give your little guys boxes and tubes to crawl in and parrot-ladders to climb. In fact, the parrot section of your local pet-store probably has a wide assortment of fun toys and puzzles for your rats. Ferret toys are also good.Some rats enjoy an exercise wheel and some don?t. If you decide to buy one for your pet, be sure it is a large one. Most of them are too small for rats. If he needs to bend his back at all, it is too small. If it is made of wire, it is unsafe because feet and tails will get caught in the gaps. There are a few solid-plastic wheels suitable for rats.